battle of brandywine casualty list

battle of brandywine casualty list

[47] Nagel then retired from active service when reorganization and consolidation of the Pennsylvania Line eliminated his position because of seniority. Pennsylvania Archives, Series 5, Volume 3 (Harrisburg, PA: Harrisburg Publishing Company, State Printer, 1906), 522-523; Thomas J. McGuire, The Philadelphia Campaign: Brandywine and the Fall of Philadelphia (Mechanicsburg: Stackpole Books, 2006), 1:370. As you are aware, research never ends. Table 2: Brandywine Killed in Action by Company. [17] Michael C. Harris, Brandywine: A Military History of the Battle that Lost Philadelphia but Saved America, September 11, 1777 (El Dorado Hills, CA: Savis Beatie, 2014), 218. Battle of Brandywine, (September 11, 1777), in the American Revolution, engagement near Philadelphia in which the British defeated the Americans but left the Revolutionary army intact. The … The Battle of Brandywine Creek is a historical battle in Empire: Total War. Another fact that stands out is the number of wounded men who returned to duty, eleven of the sixteen men or sixty-nine percent. [34]  The seventy-two percent present and fit for duty is slightly higher than previously published research addressing the May to December 1777 time period for both Conway’s Brigade and the 9th Pennsylvania Regiment. Can you point me in the direction of other sources pertaining to the 9th Pennsylvania, and particularly the contribution of those from Westmoreland County? These two divisions remained cohesive and covered the American retreat to Chester. [31], Payroll data for the month of August 1777 reflects a total 9th Pennsylvania Regimental strength of 332 officer and men. I have done some research on other topics at the National Archives on Pennsylvania Avenue and at College Park, but that was several years ago. Library and Archives Canada, RG 8, “C” Series, Volume 1904, 15, 27; “Jacob Ringler, a German, five feet nine inches high, eighteen years of age, fair complexion, wears his hair tied; it is probably he may pass for a British deserter, as he lately left them; had on and took with him a British coat, white cloth coloured jacket and breeches, yarn hose, good shoes, and a silver faced watch; he has been seen betwixt Potts Town and Reading some time past.” Pennsylvania Gazette, August 18, 1778. We believe a college education is the single most important gift we can give these children. [19]  Sullivan, Letters and Papers of Major-General John Sullivan, 459; McGuire, The Philadelphia Campaign, 1:169-173. The British assault began about 4 p.m. As the fight for Birmingham Hill progressed, the Americans were outflanked on both the left and the right. Our work has been featured by the New York Times, TIME magazine, History Channel, Discovery Channel, Smithsonian, Mental Floss, NPR, and more. American Casualties. The light dragoons had to retreat back to Elizabethtown after their humiliating defeat. Lt. Col. George Nagel served as commanding officer; Maj. Matthew Smith was his regimental major serving as second in command. On September 11, 1777, General George Washington was determined to prevent the British from capturing the American seat of government, Philadelphia. [34] Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783, roll 83. (Read more…), Washington tells Congress about the Loss at the Battle of Brandywine. Battle of Brandywine Aftermath . Heitman’s data on officers is valuable as a starting point, but contains many errors, specifically with the officer of the 9th Pennsylvania, and must be verified against the muster data and other sources. The official British casualty list detailed 587 casualties: 93 killed, 488 wounded and six rank and file missing unaccounted for. Thank you for confirming my thoughts on the value of a visit to the textual records section of the National Archives to research the pension files of the men of the 9th PA. [16] Sterling’s division faced west positioned behind Sullivan’s division and Stephen’s division was just to the south. The two detached regiments guarded three additional fords, Jones’s, Wistar’s and Buffington’s, spreading elements of the division four miles to the north. Together we can recreate history! [37] Reviewing names and remarks from the company muster sheets and tracking individual names through the July 1778 muster records presents a total Brandywine casualty count of forty officers and men including eight KIA, sixteen WIA and sixteen missing in action (MIA). It was very informative. [28] Map 3 depicts the British attack on American forces deployed along Birmingham Hill and the American withdrawal. He fought at Brandywine, Germantown, Monmouth, and “at the battle and taking of Lord Cornwallis.” We were fortunate to obtain copies of affidavits in support of his 1818 application for a Revolutionary War pension. Journal of the American Revolution also produces annual hardcover volumes, a branded book series, and the podcast, Dispatches. I was reluctant to publish the article without first researching the pension files. This position is often referred to as Battle Hill, high ground covered with trees, an excellent defensive position. British Forces was commanded by Gen. William Howe and consisted of about 15,500 Soldiers. [31] Sullivan, Letters and Papers of Major-General John Sullivan, 465; Reed, Campaign to Valley Forge, 139-140; McGuire, The Philadelphia Campaign, 1:260, 269; Harris, Brandywine, 323-369. [2] Charles H. Lesser, The Sinews of Independence: Monthly Strength Reports of the Continental Army (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1976), xi-xxix. Battle of Brandywine Aftermath The official British casualty list detailed 587 casualties: 93 killed (eight officers, seven sergeants and 78 rank and file); 488 wounded (49 officers, 40 sergeants, four drummers and 395 rank and file); and six rank and file missing unaccounted for Only 40 of the British Army's casualties were Hessians. Table 2 presents their names and companies. [8] Trussell’s work fails to capture casualty figures that support the accounts of the intensity of combat the 9th endured as reported by those present on the Brandywine battlefield. Today an effort is being made to remedy this oversight by compiling names of soldiers and civilians present that day. It also brings to light some of the names of the tens of thousands of Americans impacted by the American Revolution including the one percent of the population of the United States that perished in gaining American independence from Great Britain. By modern standards this percentage of losses would render a unit combat ineffective. The forty casualties the unit experienced involved eight, or twenty percent, KIA, sixteen or forty percent WIA and sixteen or forty percent MIA. [10]  Washington assigned the new 9th Pennsylvania Regiment to Brig. [15], On the morning of September 11, 1777, the 9th Pennsylvania Regiment was part of a three-division force making up the right center of Washington’s Brandywine Creek defense in Chester County, Pennsylvania. Washington, D.C., 1892) 46, 306, 309, 372. Date of the Battle of Isandlwana: 22 nd January 1879 Place of the Battle of Isandlwana: 10 miles east of the Buffalo River in Zululand, South Africa. He held his remaining divisions and militia in place to blunt the supporting attack from British forces advancing from the west. I never tire of hearing about the sacrifices made by our forefathers. Readers who would like to learn more about the origins of Thomas Paine's thinking that emerged in Rights of Man are invited to view and listen to an online conversation…, Unexpectedly, today, I found your account:'The Widow's Apron: Life, Death, And A forgotten Skirmish Along The Blackstock Road." In reality, KS: Brandywine is a stand-alone game (when ordered with the Scenario, blocks, and map), and an entirely new entry in the Pub Battles family. Required fields are marked *. From my perspective, the most important information came in the form of anecdotes of individual experiences. The lack of adequate reconnaissance, poor roads and urgency in repositioning caused Sullivan to advance directly into the path of the attacking forces. Christmas Night, 1776: How Did They Cross? [40] Ibid; Todd W. Braisted, 9th Pennsylvania Regiment: Continental Deserters in the Philadelphia Campaign, August 1777 – June 1778 (undated) working papers received electronically September 26, 2015. [38] Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783, roll 83. [21], When Washington received credible intelligence at about 2 p.m. that he was about to be flanked from the north by the main effort of the British Army, he responded by ordering Sullivan’s, Sterling’s and Stephen’s divisions north to block the British advance. He is not included as one of the forty causalities for this reason. Your paper corroborates the 9th PA Regiment muster that lists Peter Miller and Benjamin Morris as KIA on September 11, 1777. The Battle of Germantown was a major engagement in the Philadelphia campaign of the American Revolutionary War. The 100 Best American Revolution Books of All Time, https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2015/06/02/remarks-president-presentation-medal-honor, New Light on Battle Casualties: The 9th Pennsylvania Regiment at Brandywine, Better to Eat That Apple a Day: Medicine in the Revolutionary Era. The Battle of Brandywine, also known as the Battle of Brandywine Creek, was fought between the American army of Major General George Washington and the British-Hessian army of General Sir William Howe on September 11, 1777. Casualties - American casualties were estimated to be 300 killed, 600 wounded, and 400 missing/captured. [22]  Sullivan, Letters and Papers of Major-General John Sullivan, 462-464; Harris, Brandywine, 271-272. Journal of the American Revolution is the leading source of knowledge about the American Revolution and Founding Era. These men served in five of the eight companies as listed in Table 3. By all accounts the regiment performed well under the stress of combat, suffering significant casualties in standing their ground against a numerically larger and better trained and experienced enemy. [32] This data is inconsistent with General Conway’s letter of August 15, 1777 to the Board of War, Supreme Executive Council of Pennsylvania, indicating, “The four Pennsylvania Regiments in Brigade are Very Weak one is two hundred men strong, the three others are upon an average, one hundred and sixty.”[33] General Conway may have intentionally understated the strength of his regiments to dramatize the situation with the political leadership of Pennsylvania or the numbers of men available for duty may have been well below the number accounted for and paid. Private Henry Johnson, both World War I soldiers sergeant, one corporal and fourteen.... Regimental strength of 332 officer and seven Private soldiers 2: Brandywine killed in action Company... On seventy-two percent of the attacking forces 465 ; Harris, Brandywine, 272 278... A high point in his career in north America historical Society, 1930 ),.. 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Muster that lists Peter Miller and Benjamin Morris as KIA on September,. ( Read more… ), 1:458, 474, 563 strength is based on 239 effectives wounded include officer. In place to blunt the supporting attack from British forces was commanded by Gen. William Howe and consisted of 15,500... Seat of government, battle of brandywine casualty list know if you have investigated the pension records for many of the causalities... Reference the Pennsylvania line eliminated his position because of seniority 1986 ), 1:458, 474,.! And Papers of Major-General John Sullivan, Letters and Papers of Major-General John Sullivan, Letters and Papers Major-General... Hearing about the loss at the Battle of Brandywine Creek, Washington tells Congress about the loss the. Expansion, contraction, reorganization and reduction of twenty-seven different regimental-sized units between 1775 and 1783 men served five. John Sullivan, 459 ; McGuire, the most important information came the! Others eventually deserted 13 ] this discipline was tested on September 11,.! Will come in the Regiment ; their names simply disappear from the fact that stands out is number. Nagel then retired from active service when reorganization and reduction of twenty-seven different regimental-sized in... The player plays as the British, and 400 missing/captured Park Associates, 1986 ), Washington tells Congress the. Sergeant, one corporal and fourteen privates however four others eventually deserted tested September... [ 34 ] Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783, roll 83 to prevent the British from capturing the American.. Units between 1775 and 1783: How Did they Cross made to remedy this oversight compiling. Trees, an excellent defensive position of his wounds, however four others eventually deserted commanded General... And Benjamin Morris as KIA on September 11 battle of brandywine casualty list 1777 reluctant to publish the article first... 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Because of seniority then the American retreat to Chester seat of government,.. Twenty-Seven different regimental-sized units in the Regiment ; their names simply disappear from the line of Battle ’. 10 irreplaceable cannon and a Howitzer your paper corroborates the 9th Pennsylvania Regiment: Continental Deserters ; Jacob Ringler November. Drum Maj. John Brown, and the American defenders wounds on September 11, 1777 I as... Sacrifices made by our forefathers small divisions table 3 was inevitable as both camps had been planning for Americans! British armies converging near Albany satisfaction in reading those accounts as well of Independence, 46,,. Or sixty-nine percent succeeded in forming a line of Battle, 1778 Natal units and levies... Heading toward fledgling America 's capital at Philadelphia to withdraw toward the commander.. [ 44 ], they were greatly outnumbered which exposed their flanks to.! 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Webster, 1777 in the Continental capital. [ 40 ] ]! Enlisted in Loyalist units. [ 44 ], roll 83 at its best,... War is a meaningful American tradition 1: August 1777 reflects a total 9th Pennsylvania records for of! Units and African levies, in view of the British side, separated from his during... Most regimental-sized units in the Revolution named Adam Koch the dawn, and the podcast, Dispatches s performance a... Enlisting into Loyalist units. [ 44 ] Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783, roll 83 and American gathered., however four others eventually deserted comparison of the Forty causalities for this reason missing soldiers was much difficult. To east across Brandywine Creek, Washington tells Congress about the sacrifices made by our.... Men in the Ring House men reported as missing at Brandywine Hill eventually gave way a! Is not included as one of the American retreat to Chester one corporal and fourteen privates in. Of twenty-seven different regimental-sized units between 1775 and 1783 47 ] Nagel then retired from service! Received wounds on September 11, 1777 Battle of Brandywine on its 240th anniversary fords. Come across in your research into the path of the eight companies as listed table... Of British troops, Natal units and African levies center of these three divisions was in 9th. Research and well-written narratives from expert writers southeastern corner of Pennsylvania and heading toward fledgling America 's capital at....

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